Tiles in the kitchen on the floor (a photo)
Kitchen is a unique place in every home, and the flooring must meet all the necessary requirements, which are very different from the coating in the other rooms. This zone is the most visited, so it's important, so that the coating has high wear resistance, but due to high humidity - moisture. All these data has tiled floor tiles.
What kind of floor tile to choose, a photo
Before you choose a tile Kitchen on floor, It is required to determine the color and shape of the tiles. The most popular is a square and rectangular, but there are other options, eg, six or octagonal patterns. To create original plinth there is a special tile.
In the method of production is isolated and dense porous tile. On the amount of moisture absorption depends far, that is, the more far, the higher the absorption. Which can be determined during the inspection of the material, in porous, the back surface is rough and has larger pores. But such a property of absorbing and adhesive, and therefore, anchorage will be more reliable.
Aesthetics depends on the type of enamel and applying a layer, that is the color, brilliance and picture, besides glaze protects it from moisture. Now there is not only a simple, but designer tiles on the floor.
Floor covering the kitchen is subjected to strong impact, that's why from the tile floors must have chemical and mechanical properties. It is important that the coating is not afraid of changes in temperature, and it was stable to alkali and acid. In this case, better to choose tiles not less than Class B. All specifications are usually indicated on the package.
Pros and cons of tile
Ceramics gender kitchens, as well as any finishing material, It has a number of advantages and disadvantages. With proper selection and recording of data, you can select the ideal material, which will last a long time.
Tile has many advantages:
- Environmentally friendly - in its composition contains harmless substances, sand and clay several species;
- Durability - tile is made by means of hot pressing, whereby it can withstand heavy loads;
- Resistance to moisture - the surface does not let the fat and water, and does not appear mold;
- Durability - calcination and protective coating layer does not allow to deform, and the colors do not lose brightness;
- Practicality - ceramics is not afraid of fire and does not melt at high temperatures, it is easy to clean, a large variety of textures will create a beautiful floor tiles in the kitchen.
In addition to the benefits from the ceramic has a few flaws, you need to know when choosing the material:
- Cold surface - due to the high heat conductivity her cold surface, but you can apply a warm floor to solve the problem;
- Fragility - can easily break during transport and installation, and when fall of a heavy object on it may cause cracks and chips;
- Poor soundproofing - almost no protection against ambient noise, therefore, additional sound insulation is used for masonry;
- Slipperiness - surface material is too slippery, especially when wet, therefore, it is necessary to choose a special surface.
If we consider all the properties of the material, you can select the appropriate material and create the desired design for the kitchen floor tile.
Dimensions and sizes of ceramic tiles
The dimensions of the tiles meet clear standards, which is very much, they are called format, for floor and wall materials are very different.
Floor pottery is divided into two categories: ceramic and porcelain tiles. The main format is:
- 60× 60 cm.
Now there is one additional format 33 × 33 cm. The size is selected depending on, a kitchen design floor tiles will be created.
Also standard-sized, there is also a non-standard, eg, 36,5×12. Such a non-standard size targets. Dimensions also depend on the original ideas, they can simulate parquet or solid wood.
The color and tone of the floor covering, white, gray and designer shades
The interior floor tiles in the kitchen depends on material color and tone. Tiled flooring in the kitchen a certain tone can change the space dramatically, make it larger or smaller, light or dark, and the combination of multiple colors will help to share the cooking and dining area. Tiles in the kitchen, floor design photo, It can combine several colors simultaneously.
The modern market offers a large palette of color ceramics. There are a few rules, allowing to create a unique floor tiles:
- Tanned reduces the total space, and the light on the contrary increases. For a small kitchen to use pastel colors.
- The kitchen can be a single color, and two color. When using multi-color design, it must dominate one color.
Use of an active figure attracts attention, and the solid color is a calm background. Dark and grainy surface hide scratches and dirt, Unlike matte and glossy coatings.
Using a complicated pattern greatly reduces the overall space, and a simple drawing on the contrary increases.
The kitchen with tiled floor is created in conjunction with the design of the walls and the selection of kitchen furniture.
Rules for the choice of floor tiles for kitchen design
floor design for the kitchen tiles should correspond with the overall style of the entire kitchen. But do not forget all the features of the material, Colour, pattern and shape.
The form does not necessarily use a square or rectangular, It can also be used polygonal options, which create ceramic floors unusual. The perfect solution would be to use several sizes and shapes, and combination of several colors. Use mosaic desirable dosed, drawings of large size may look out of place, and create a small drawing elegance and unusual interior floor tiles.
Tile wood or ceramic flooring: wood floor tiles
Ceramic tile flooring represents, but with an unusual design. Drawing and relief completely mimic real wood and a glance to distinguish between them is almost impossible.
Dimensions of the material may be different, and they differ from the standard. Due to this, a lot of styling options, it all depends on kitchen design. The material becomes an excellent alternative to the parquet.
This type can be combined with different materials and interior style.
Floor tiles for the kitchen under a rock you can create the classic style, as well as to give personality and originality. coated with tiled flooring, wrought-iron elements and wooden furniture.
Tile under the stone can mimic granite, marble, slate and other expensive breed. Especially popular have tiles scuffed, cracks and irregularities.
combined floors, Cold and warm laminate tiles: 3 basic rules
Kitchen often requires separation zones, To do this, the kitchen is laid laminate flooring and ceramics. But for proper zoning of the room you need to know the basic rules:
- Pottery fit around furniture, refrigerator and sink, a distance of about 80 cm;
- Laminate flooring is better to lay in the dining area, since there is a place of rest;
- The selection of materials should be carefully, improper distribution facilities can greatly reduce the kitchen.
How to lay the tiles with his hands on the floor in the kitchen and hallway
For laying ceramic tile adhesive is applied special, which is diluted in the correct proportions.
On the floor the adhesive is applied evenly with a notched trowel. Before we laid the tiles on the adhesive, it should be rubbed on the inside with a damp sponge, it is necessary to remove the ceramic chips.
In addition to gender, and the adhesive is applied to the tile using the same spatula. After the first row is laid, him if necessary rasklinit Use the dagger, this will help to create a smooth seam.
If a tile projects over the entire range, it should drown rubber mallet. If sags, then it is required to tear and re-lay. When laying the second series it is desirable to check the absence of bias building level.
Surplus adhesive from the seams desirable to remove crosses. Before removing the adhesive mixture, We need to wait, until it dries out a bit.
When laying the tiles should not rush, otherwise the tiles will fall unevenly.
Once the tile is laid, we have to wait until the glue dries, and then grout the joints to treat.
What grout is best to choose flooring in the kitchen: Leroy catalog
When tile flooring for the kitchen stacked, you must choose the grout. When you select should take into account all its characteristics.
Grout is a homogeneous mass, a particular color on a polymer or cement based. It betrays the floors unique and finished look.
There are several types of grouting:
Kitchen is optimal to have epoxy grout, because it is not afraid of water.
Cement grout can be a part of the sand, it is used for a grout width 3 mm.
there grouting, which can be used for tile-covered and not covered with enamel.
Important! Grout is not desirable to apply on a hot plate, which is easily scratched, marble tiles e.g..
The color palette of the decision can not only emphasize the floors in the kitchen of a tile, but also to hide the flaws and irregularities.
When choosing a dark tiles, Grout should not be darker and, conversely, for light is better to choose the same tone of the grout.
But for the dark coating can be applied light grout, and for the light - dark.
It is necessary to take into account the properties of grouting, i.e, the, it absorbs moisture, level of strength and the ability to shrink.
manufacturers: inexpensive and elite tile, price
To buy pottery is better to choose showrooms, where there is a choice material from different manufacturers, and where you can view the options for floor tiles in the kitchen.
Samples tiles can provide many manufacturers. The material produces a large number of countries, considered the largest Italy and Spain. As well it is produced, and other countries - Russia, China and Belarus.
Producers from Poland and Turkey, also provide samples of polo in the kitchen of the tiles on the market.
From leading Russian manufacturers Kerama Marazzi. Pottery of this company is in the low to medium price range, and produce more 2000 types of tiles of different colors and shades.
The Italian company Fap Ceramiche produces luxury tiles in the high-price category. The catalog is available about 30 collections with different coating design solutions. The main direction of the company - is the production of ceramics under the stone, wood and other natural materials.
Ukrainian producers of Golden Tile produce ceramics of low and medium price class. Cooperation with Italian designers can create more 60 collections, and is used for printing digital print technology.
Cersanit Company established its factories in different countries: Germany, Russia, Poland and Ukraine. Ceramics produced as a budget, and elite class. Collections product lot, In addition, the company 16 rare collections of tiles size 20 × 60 cm. Designs are available, from the simplest to the most complex.
The leader of the Turkish steel producer company Vitra. It produces ceramics in different price categories, and work with designers worldwide, such as Matteo Thun and Ross Lovegrove, They allow you to create a unique design.
Price category floor tiles depends on the manufacturer, complexity of the design and color palettes.